'' The Karmapa's Middle Way: Feast for the Fortunate '' ... '' Jewels from the Treasury '' ... '' Mahamudra: Eliminating the Darkness of Ignorance '' ... '' Ocean of Certainty '' ... '' Torch of True Meaning: Instructions and the Practice for the Mahamudra Preliminaries ''
Wangchuk Dorje (1556–1603) was the ninth Gyalwa Karmapa, head of the Kagyu School of Tibetan Buddhism.
Wangchuk Dorje was born in Treshod, Kham. According to legend, he said after being born: " I am Karmapa." Other sources say that soon after his birth he sat cross-legged for three days and declared he was the Karmapa. He received his education from Shamar Köncho Yenlak, the fifth Shamarpa, in a nomadic camp which travelled through Tibet but also passed through present day Mongolia and Bhutan. During his travels many monasteries were founded. Wangchuk also wrote many classic Buddhist texts, many of which are still being taught today.
Wangchuk Dorje had received the complete Kagyu transmission, he began to teach throughout Tibet, travelling in a monastic camp, which strictly emphasized Meditation practice. Wangchuk Dorje did not visit China. He gave many teachings and restored monasteries and temples wherever he went.
Like the eighth Karmapa, Wangchuk Dorje was also a creative author and wrote many condensed commentaries on Sutras and tantras, including three mahamudra treatises: The Ocean Of Definitive Meaning, Dispelling The Darkness Of Ignorance, and Pointing Out The Dharmakaya. These treatises have played a major role in Tibet for the teaching and transmission of mahamudra.