Guru Ram Das

Year of birth : 1534
Place of birth : Chuna Mandi, Lahore
Parents : Hari Das, Mata Anup Devi
Website :


“ He who calls himself a Sikh of the True Guru, he

should get up in the early hours of the morning

and remember the Name of the Lord. He should

make effort to rise before the day dawns and take

a bath in the pool of nectar. Under the instructions

of the Guru, he should repeat the mantram of the

Guru, all his troubles will end and all his sins and blemishes will be destroyed. ”

“ O Gursikhs, always remember the Name of the

Lord, the True Guru and the Lord will make the life

comfortable in your home, O Gursikhs, consider

the bani of the Guru as True, the Lord Himself

issues it through his mouth. The dear Lord Himself

purifies the mouth of the Gursikhs and Himself

makes the whole world proclaim loudly the Praises

of the Guru. I am the servant of the Lord, who

protects the honour of his servants. ”

“ The True Guru is the field of Dharma, in which

one reaps whatever one sows. The Gursikh sow

the nectar and get the ambrosial fruit of God. They

are pure in both worlds and in the Court of the

Lord, they receive a robe of honour. ”


Guru Ram Das was the fourth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and was given the title of Sikh Guru on 30 August 1574. He was Guru for 7 years. As a Guru, one of his main contributions to Sikhism was organizing the structure of Sikh society. Additionally, he was the author of Laava, the four hymns of the Sikh Marriage Rites. He was planner and creator of the township of Ramdaspur which became the Sikh holy city of Amritsar. He founded it in 1574 on land he bought for 700 rupees from the owners of the village of Tung. Earlier Guru Ram Das had begun building Santokhsar Sarovar, near the village of Sultanwind in 1564. It could not be completed before 1588. In 1574, Guru Ram Das built his residence and moved to the new place. At that time, it was known as Guru Da Chakk. (Later, it came to be known as Chakk Ram Das). In Amritsar, he designed the gurdwara Harmandir Sahib, which translates as "The Abode of God" also known as the Golden Temple.

There are 688 Hymns of Guru Ram Das included in the Guru Granth Sahib which have various teachings for Sikhs. Guru Sahib's Bani is also part of Rehras Sahib and Kirtan Sohila, the daily prayers of Sikhs. The standard Sikh marriage ceremony known as the Anand Karaj is centered around a four-stanza hymn composed by Guru Ram Das ji. During the marriage ceremony the couple circumscribe the Guru Granth Sahib ji as each stanza of the Lawan is read. Guru Ram Das Sahib composed a beautiful bani called Laavan about the meaning of marriage to a Sikh couple. Effectively, the Guru defines a Sikh marriage as a spiritual union in these two lines: "They are not said to be husband and wife who merely sit together. Rather they alone are called husband and wife, who have one soul in two bodies." Guru Ram Das Ji is still present in the form of "Shabad" holy words written in Guru Granth Sahib ji.